Monday, March 2

Disaster Management Civil Seminar Reports

Abstract :- :- 

Disaster is an sudden occurring calamity that causes distress. Disasters themselves are not limited to specific parts of world, though; certain areas might be more prone to certain specific type of disaster. Disaster cannot be stopped but can be predicted. There are certain types of disasters, where, the loss during the actual event is not necessarily as high, but, the losses become very high due to inability to manage the situation in a timely manner. More often than not, it happens due to confusion and chaos in the context of too much loss, and, inefficient utilization of resources - which are already strained. Disaster management works for the same sense. Disaster management works under a cycle of prevention, mitigation, preparedness & recovery. These activities include prediction of disaster, rate of disaster strike per year, rate of losses due to disaster, etc. The management gives safety criteria such as building and by laws for Earthquake, maintaining ground water table to sustain droughts, conducting programmes on awareness among peoples, proving shelter, food and other needs after disaster strike, etc. Management also has organizations of ready trained volunteers to help the peoples those who faced the disaster. GIS is an excellent tool for disaster management such as detecting the correct location of disaster, analysis of losses occurred, area affected and displays the updated data through internet for general awareness. As having wide range of future scope it enables us to be prepared for any uncertain calamity & a right path to follow.

What Is Disaster Management?

Disaster prevention begins at the top of an organization. The attitude of senior management toward security and prevention should permeate the entire organization. Once the potential areas of high exposure to the organization are identified, additional preventative measures can be considered for implementation. Mitigation is the most cost-efficient method for reducing the impact of hazards; however it is not always suitable. In the preparedness phase, emergency managers develop plans of action for when the disaster strikes. The aim of the recovery phase is to restore the affected area to its previous state.

1.   Prevention
2.   Mitigation
3.   Risk Analysis
4.   Preparedness
5.   Recovery

Disaster Management Civil Seminar Report


Disaster prevention techniques include two categories: procedural prevention and physical prevention. Procedural prevention relates to activities performed on a day-to-day, month-to-month, or annual basis, relating to security and recovery. Procedural prevention begins with assigning responsibility to authority to meet the challenges. The objective of procedural prevention is to define activities necessary to prevent impacts of disasters and ensure that these activities are performed regularly.

Physical prevention for disaster begins when a site is constructed. It includes special requirements for building construction, as well as fire protection for various equipment components. Special considerations include: computer area, fire detection and extinguishing systems, record(s) protection, air conditioning, heating and ventilation, electrical supply and UPS systems, emergency procedures, vault storage area(s), archival systems.


Disaster recovery is the process, policies and procedures related to preparing for recovery or continuation of technology infrastructure critical to an organization after a natural or human-induced disaster. They include two sets of activities:

 (1) Short-term recovery activities return vital life-support systems to minimum operating standards (for example, cleanup, temporary housing, and access to food and water), and 

(2) Long-term recovery activities may continue for a number of years after a disaster. Their purpose is to return life to normal or improved levels (for example, redevelopment loans, legal assistance, and community planning).

A business continuity plan (BCP) includes planning for non-IT related aspects such as key personnel, facilities, crisis communication and reputation protection, and should refer to the disaster recovery plan (DRP) for IT related infrastructure recovery / continuity. 

                 Recovery efforts are primarily concerned with actions that involve rebuilding destroyed property, re-employment, and the repair of other essential infrastructure. An important aspect of effective recovery efforts is taking advantage of a ‘window of opportunity’ for the implementation of mitigative measures that might otherwise be unpopular. Citizens of the affected area are more likely to accept more mitigative changes when a recent disaster is in fresh memory.


Thus, the main motivation behind disaster management is to minimize the losses at the time of a disaster as well as ensure most efficient utilization of resources - which are already scarce.


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